Emergency Action Plan

Emergency Action Plan Template

Establish a standardized procedure for responding to emergencies using our Emergency Action Plan Template.

Emergencies can occur unexpectedly, and having a clear plan is essential to maintaining order within your company. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) mandates the creation of emergency action plans (EAP) for this reason. The effectiveness of your EAP is paramount, as it can determine whether your organization remains resilient or faces impending disaster.

While each company's EAP is unique, crafting your own is a manageable task. By doing so, you ensure that you and your company are well-prepared for any unforeseen disasters that may arise.

Table of Contents

Understanding the Essence of an Emergency Response Blueprint

An emergency response blueprint is a structured protocol that your organization can implement when confronted with unforeseen crises. It defines the responsibilities of all parties involved, spanning from employers to managers and employees. Typically, it is complemented by regular training to ensure everyone understands their role within this response framework. Your emergency response blueprint may encompass critical information, such as:

  1. Reporting procedures for emergencies
  1. Protocols for evacuation and safe egress
  1. Operational steps to follow before evacuation
  1. Strategies for accounting for all personnel
  1. Guidelines for rescue and medical assistance
  1. Contact details for emergencies

This emergency response blueprint can also go by several names, including:

  • Emergency Action Plan (EAP)
  • Business Emergency Plan
  • Emergency Operations Plan
  • Emergency Response Plan

Essential Elements of an Emergency Action Plan

An emergency action plan (EAP) is a vital document for your organization's safety. While each EAP can vary, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) sets forth key universal components as a minimum requirement. However, it's crucial to tailor your plan comprehensively to your specific needs. The essential elements as mandated by OSHA encompass:

  1. Emergency Reporting: Establishing clear means for reporting fires and other emergency situations.
  1. Evacuation Procedures: Providing detailed procedures and assigning emergency escape routes.
  1. Critical Plant Operations: Outlining procedures for employees responsible for critical operations before evacuating.
  1. Employee Accountability: Defining protocols for accounting for all employees post-evacuation.
  1. Rescue and Medical Duties: Specifying roles and responsibilities for employees engaged in rescue and medical assistance.
  1. Emergency Contacts: Listing the names or job titles of individuals who can be reached during emergencies.

Is an Emergency Action Plan Necessary for Your Business?

For many businesses, having an emergency action plan (EAP) is a regulatory requirement. To ascertain whether your business needs an EAP, you can utilize OSHA's Expert System. In most cases, if your workplace mandates or provides fire extinguishers, and if anyone is obligated to evacuate in case of a fire or other emergencies, OSHA typically necessitates the implementation of an EAP.

When Should You Implement an Emergency Action Plan?

While the hope is that you rarely have to activate it, having an Emergency Action Plan (EAP) is a prudent measure. EAPs are designed to prepare businesses for swift sheltering or evacuation during potential disasters. Instances that may necessitate the use of an EAP include:

  1. Biological accidents
  1. Bomb threats
  1. Fires
  1. Floods
  1. Hazardous material spills
  1. Severe weather events like tornadoes
  1. Hostile intruder incidents or workplace violence
  1. Structural failures

In these situations, where chaos can ensue, having an organized EAP can be instrumental in safeguarding lives and minimizing harm.

Advantages of Implementing an Emergency Action Plan in Your Workplace

  1. Employee Safety: An Emergency Action Plan (EAP) is not just a regulatory requirement; it's a vital tool for safeguarding your workforce. It empowers employees with the knowledge to protect themselves and their colleagues during workplace emergencies.
  1. Structural Damage Mitigation: A well-prepared workforce can respond swiftly to emergencies like fires, potentially containing the situation and minimizing structural damage to your workplace.
  1. Clarity in Crisis: EAPs provide clear, step-by-step instructions for various emergency scenarios. This clarity reduces confusion among employees, enabling them to follow established procedures, communicate effectively, and adhere to the EAP with confidence.
  1. Business Opportunities: EAPs can also open doors to valuable business-to-business partnerships. Many enterprises prefer to collaborate with suppliers who have comprehensive EAPs in place to ensure the continuity of their supply chain, making your organization an attractive partner.

In summary, an EAP not only fulfills regulatory requirements but also enhances employee safety, reduces damage risks, ensures clear communication during crises and can contribute to your business's competitiveness in the market.

How to Craft an Effective Emergency Action Plan?

Creating a comprehensive emergency action plan is essential for ensuring your company's safety. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you develop one:

Step 1: Emergency Phone Numbers

  • List all necessary emergency contact numbers, including the police, paramedics, security personnel, building services, and other relevant services.

Step 2: Emergency Response Personnel

  • Designate individuals within your team as emergency response personnel, specifying roles such as officials, coordinators, floor wardens, and area monitors.
  • Clearly outline the responsibilities of each person during an emergency.
  • Ensure that team members are assigned to assist individuals with physical disabilities.
  • Consider appointing additional emergency response personnel if you have remote or hybrid employees.

Step 3: Training

  • Define the type of training required to familiarize your team with emergency procedures.
  • Ensure that employees understand their specific responsibilities during various emergency scenarios.
  • Specify if training is needed for procedures like emergency shutdowns.

Step 4: Critical Operations

  • Identify critical operations that may necessitate someone staying on-site to prevent further damage.

Step 5: Evacuation

  • Provide evacuation route maps as part of your emergency action plan.
  • Detail the types of emergencies that require evacuations.
  • Consider including images of key utility shutoff locations to facilitate quick access.

Step 6: Emergency Procedures

  • Dedicate a significant portion of your plan to emergency procedures.
  • Specify instructions for various scenarios, covering situations like fires and location-specific natural disasters.
  • Include guidance for handling less common emergencies such as bomb threats, civil disturbances, and structural failures.

Tip: Encourage different departments to review your Emergency Action Plan (EAP) and offer feedback for practical improvements.

By following these steps, you can create a robust and thorough EAP that enhances your company's preparedness for emergencies.


What are the 4 main steps of an emergency action plan?

These shared components enable you to proactively prepare and safeguard both yourself and your animals from potential disasters. Emergency management professionals view disasters as cyclical occurrences, encompassing four key phases: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. The diagram below illustrates the interconnected nature of these four phases within the realm of emergency management.

What are the 7 components of an emergency action plan?

  1. Comprehensive Planning: Develop a plan that covers various emergency scenarios.
  1. Training: Ensure that everyone is adequately trained to respond effectively.
  1. Drills: Practice emergency procedures through regular drills.
  1. Education: Provide ongoing education about emergency protocols and risks.
  1. Utilize Technology: Leverage technology to enhance your emergency response capabilities.
  1. Coordination: Coordinate efforts and resources to respond efficiently during emergencies.
  1. Effective Communication: Establish clear communication channels to relay critical information swiftly and accurately.

What is the emergency plan in safety?

An emergency plan outlines protocols for managing unforeseen events, aiming to achieve the following goals:

  1. Prevent the loss of life and injuries.
  1. Minimize damage to structures, inventory, and equipment.

Sample For Emergency Action Plan

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