NPV Function in Excel: How to Calculate Net Present Value of an Investment

Learn how to calculate the net present value (NPV) of an investment using the NPV function in Excel. Understand how to use the discount rate, initial investment amount, and associated cash flows in the NPV formula and how to interpret the results. A beginner's guide to using the powerful NPV function in Excel.


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The Net Present Value (NPV) function in Excel is a powerful tool that can be used to calculate the present value of an investment. By calculating the net present value of a project or investment, you can quickly determine whether or not it is likely to be profitable over time.

The NPV function in Excel is relatively straightforward to use. All you need to do is enter the discount rate, the initial investment amount, and the stream of future cash flows associated with the investment into the function. For example, the formula might look like this: =NPV(10%, -1000, 100, 200, 300). In this example, the 10% is the discount rate, the -1000 is the initial investment, and the subsequent numbers are the cash flows from the investment.

Once you've entered the function with the relevant information, Excel will calculate the NPV for you. If the result is a positive number, then the investment is likely to be profitable. If it is negative, then the investment is not likely to be profitable.


Paresh Deshmukh

Co-Founder, BoloForms

6 Mar, 2023

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