How to Draft a Purchase Agreement?

Master the art of drafting a purchase agreement with our step-by-step guide. Ensure clarity and legal protection in your business transactions.


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In business transactions, clarity and legal certainty are paramount. A purchase agreement serves as the foundation of understanding and trust between parties engaging in significant transactions. This legally binding document delineates the terms and conditions of a sale, ensuring that each party's interests are protected. In the digital age, tools like BoloForms Signature have revolutionized how these agreements are drafted, making the process more accessible and secure.

What is a Purchase Agreement?

A purchase agreement is a legally binding contract between two or more parties that outlines the terms of a purchase and sale transaction. This document is vital as it not only specifies the details of what is being bought and sold but also protects the rights and expectations of all parties involved. It is commonly used in real estate deals, business acquisitions, and bulk transactions of goods or services.

Key Features of a Purchase Agreement

Key Features of a Purchase Agreement
  1. Detailed Description of the Transaction: The agreement specifies what is being bought and sold. For goods, this might include the quantity, quality, and condition. For real estate, it would include the property address, legal description, and any fixtures or appliances.
  2. Financial Details: It lists the purchase price and terms of payment. This may include details on deposits, whether the payments will be made in installments, and when the final payment is due.
  3. Warranties and Representations: The seller may provide warranties that assure certain conditions of the goods or property. Representations are statements of fact made by both buyer and seller to the best of their knowledge (e.g., the seller may disclose that a home is free from termites).
  4. Contingencies: These are conditions that must be met for the transaction to proceed. Common contingencies include the buyer obtaining financing, the results of inspections, and the sale of the buyer’s current home.
  5. Closing Details: The agreement will outline when and where the closing (the finalization of the transaction) will take place, what documents will be exchanged, and who is responsible for closing costs.
  6. Dispute Resolution: Specifies how any disputes that arise from the transaction will be handled, often including arbitration or court proceedings within a specific jurisdiction.

Importance of a Purchase Agreement

  • Clarity and Protection: It provides all parties with a clear understanding of their duties and rights, thus minimizing misunderstandings and disputes.
  • Enforceability: As a legal document, it can be used in court to enforce the agreement if one party fails to meet their obligations.
  • Evidence of a Transaction: Acts as a formal record of the terms agreed upon by the parties involved.

Purchase agreements are essential in providing a firm legal foundation for significant transactions, ensuring that all parties are aware of their commitments and the consequences of non-compliance. They are widely used across various industries, particularly in real estate, business acquisitions, and high-value goods transactions.

Components of Purchase Agreement

A purchase agreement is a comprehensive document that details the terms of a sale between buyer and seller. Here are the key components typically included in a purchase agreement:

Components of Purchase Agreement

1. Parties Involved

  • Identification of Buyer and Seller: Full legal names and contact details of all parties involved in the transaction.

2. Description of the Property or Goods

  • Detailed Description: For real estate, this includes the address, legal description, and any relevant details such as lot size or zoning type. For goods, it would include specifications such as model numbers, color, size, quantity, or any serial numbers.
  • Condition: State of the property or goods at the time of sale.

3. Purchase Price and Financial Terms

  • Purchase Price: Total amount to be paid for the property or goods.
  • Payment Terms: Details on how the payment will be made (e.g., cash, credit, installments).
  • Deposits: Any upfront payments required and conditions for their refund.
  • Adjustments: Pro-rated costs such as taxes, utilities, or homeowners' association fees.

4. Representations and Warranties

  • Seller’s Warranties: Guarantees about the condition of the goods or property, such as being free from defects or encumbrances.
  • Buyer's Obligations: Statements regarding the ability of the buyer to fulfill financial commitments.

5. Contingencies

  • Inspection Contingency: Allows the buyer to have the property inspected within a specified period.
  • Financing Contingency: The sale is contingent upon the buyer obtaining financing from a bank or other financial institutions.
  • Sale of Prior Home: The buyer's obligation to complete the purchase might depend on the sale of their current home.

6. Closing Details

  • Closing Date: The specified date when the transaction is to be finalized.
  • Closing Location: The location where closing will take place.
  • Possession Date: When the buyer will take possession of the property or goods.
  • Closing Costs: Allocation of costs such as escrow fees, agent commissions, and transfer taxes.
  • Compliance with Laws: Assurance that the transaction complies with relevant local, state, and federal laws.
  • Required Permits or Licenses: Documentation that may be necessary to transfer ownership.

8. Dispute Resolution

  • Governing Law: The law under which the agreement will be interpreted.
  • Dispute Mechanisms: How disputes related to the agreement will be resolved, often through arbitration or court proceedings.

9. Miscellaneous Provisions

  • Amendments: Any changes to the agreement must be in writing and signed by both parties.
  • Notices: How communications related to the agreement should be sent (e.g., mail, email).
  • Entire Agreement Clause: States that the written agreement contains the full and final understanding between the parties.

10. Signatures

  • Execution by Parties: Signatures of all parties involved, which may need to be witnessed or notarized depending on the type of transaction and local law requirements.

These components ensure that the purchase agreement is thorough and legally binding, providing clear instructions and protections for both the buyer and the seller in the transaction.

How to draft a Purchase Agreement?

Drafting a purchase agreement involves several key steps to ensure that the document is legally binding and covers all necessary details to protect the interests of both parties. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you draft an effective purchase agreement:

Sample Purchase Agreement Template By BoloForms Signature

1. Gather Necessary Information

Start by collecting all relevant information about the transaction, including:

  • Identification details of both buyer and seller (e.g., names, addresses, contact information).
  • Description of the property, goods, or services being sold, including specifications, conditions, and any important features or limitations.
  • The agreed purchase price and the terms of payment (e.g., cash, financing).
  • Any representations or warranties being made by either party.

2. Outline the Terms of the Agreement

Create a detailed outline of the agreement that includes the following components:

  • Parties' Information: Clearly state who is involved in the transaction.
  • Description of the Sale Item: Provide a detailed description of what is being sold.
  • Financial Terms: Specify the purchase price, deposit requirements, balance payment schedule, and any other financial arrangements.
  • Terms and Conditions: Include delivery terms, risk of loss, and title transfer conditions.
  • Contingencies: Outline any conditions that must be met for the transaction to proceed, such as financing approval or inspections.
  • Closing Details: Set a closing date and specify the responsibilities of each party on this date.

3. Include Representations and Warranties

  • Seller’s Representations: Might include statements about the condition of the property or goods and assurance of clear title.
  • Buyer's Representations: This could involve the buyer’s acknowledgment of inspecting the goods or property and their satisfaction with its condition.

4. Draft Contingency Clauses

These clauses address potential variables that could affect the completion of the sale:

  • Inspection Contingency: Allows the buyer to have the property inspected and to withdraw from the contract if unsatisfied with the results.
  • Financing Contingency: The sale may depend on the buyer securing financing from a financial institution.

5. Detail the Closing Process

  • Closing Date and Location: Set a specific date and place for the closing of the transaction.
  • Possession Details: State when the buyer will take possession of the property or goods.
  • Closing Costs: Detail which party is responsible for specific closing costs.

6. Specify Dispute Resolution Methods

Define how disputes related to the agreement will be resolved, whether through arbitration, mediation, or court proceedings.

Ensure the draft complies with all local, state, and federal laws. It's often advisable to have the draft reviewed by a legal professional, especially for complex transactions.

8. Prepare for Execution

Include a section at the end of the document for signatures. Ensure all parties involved sign the agreement. Depending on the nature of the transaction, you may also need witnesses or a notary public.

9. Finalize and Distribute

After signing, distribute copies of the agreement to all parties involved. Store the document securely, as it will serve as a legal record of the transaction.

Tips for Drafting a Purchase Agreement:

  • Use Clear, Concise Language: Avoid legal jargon where possible to ensure all parties understand the agreement.
  • Be Specific: Vague terms can lead to disputes. Be as detailed as possible in descriptions and terms.
  • Customize the Agreement: While templates can be helpful, customize your agreement to reflect the specifics of your transaction.

By carefully drafting a purchase agreement that covers all these aspects, you can ensure a smoother transaction and minimize the risk of future disputes.

Explore Purchase Agreement Templates on BoloForms Signature

Boloforms Signature offers a user-friendly purchase agreement template to simplify the process of creating a legally sound document. Here's how to leverage this valuable tool:

Step 1: Accessing BoloForms

  1. Sign Up or Log In: Create an account on BoloForms Signature or log into your existing account.
  2. Navigate the Platform: Familiarize yourself with the user interface, typically designed to be user-friendly and intuitive.
Intuitive Dashboard

Step 2: Locating the Templates

  1. Template Library: Access the template library where BoloForms Signature likely categorizes different forms.
  1. Search for Purchase Agreement Templates: Use the search function to find templates specifically designed for purchase agreements. These might be categorized by type of purchase such as real estate, vehicles, business assets, etc.

Step 3: Selecting and Customizing the Template

Purchase Agreement Template in BoloForms Signature
  1. Choose the Appropriate Template: Select the template that best matches the specifics of the transaction you are handling.
  2. Customize the Template: Input all relevant details into the template. This would include:
    • Parties’ Details: Names and contact information of the buyer and seller.
    • Description of the Item: Detailed description of the property or item being purchased.
    • Financial Terms: Price, payment terms, deposits, and other financial arrangements.
    • Contingencies: Such as financing, inspections, and the need to sell existing property.
    • Legal Clauses: Warranty clauses, default provisions, and dispute resolution mechanisms.

Step 4: Review and Modification

  1. Review the Draft: Go through the filled-out template to ensure all information is accurate and all necessary fields are completed.
  2. Legal Review: Depending on the importance of the transaction, consider having the document reviewed by a legal professional to ensure compliance with local laws.

Step 5: Signing the Agreement

  1. Digital Signature Capability: BoloForms Signature offers digital signature capabilities, use this feature to have all parties sign the document electronically. This is crucial for making the agreement legally binding.
  2. Download/Export Options: Ensure you can download or export the document in a format that suits your needs (e.g., PDF).

Advantages of Using BoloForms Signature-

  • Convenience: Streamlines the process of drafting complex legal documents.
  • Customizability: Offers flexibility to alter templates according to specific transaction needs.
  • Efficiency: Reduces the time from drafting to signing, speeding up transactions.

By following these steps, you can efficiently create a legally binding purchase agreement using BoloForms Signature. This approach offers a blend of convenience, security, and compliance, making it suitable for various transactional needs.


What should I do if I need to change something in a purchase agreement after it's been signed?
Once a purchase agreement is signed, it becomes a legally binding document. Any changes after this point require the consent of all parties involved. The typical approach is to draft an amendment to the original agreement, which must also be signed by all parties.

Are digital signatures on purchase agreements legally binding?
Yes, digital signatures are legally binding in many jurisdictions around the world, provided they comply with the local laws governing electronic signatures. These include the U.S. ESIGN Act and the European Union’s eIDAS.

How can I ensure that a purchase agreement is legally enforceable?
To ensure that a purchase agreement is legally enforceable, make sure it includes all essential elements such as a clear description of the goods or property, the purchase price, and the signatures of all parties.

Can purchase agreements be used for both goods and services?
Yes, purchase agreements can be drafted for transactions involving goods or services. The key is to specify the details relevant to the type of transaction, including delivery terms for goods and scope of work for services.


Purchase agreements are foundational documents in the execution of transactions involving goods, services, or real estate. These agreements serve as a safeguard, ensuring that all parties are aware of and agree to the terms of the transaction. Properly drafting a purchase agreement not only clarifies the responsibilities and expectations of each party but also provides legal protection should disputes arise. Utilizing BoloForms Signature for drafting and managing purchase agreements enhances the efficiency and accuracy of these transactions, making the process more streamlined and accessible regardless of one's legal expertise.

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  • As-Is Bill of Sale: Use an As-Is Bill of Sale to prove a buyer is purchasing something in its current and present condition without warranties from the seller.

Paresh Deshmukh

Co-Founder, BoloForms

30 May, 2024

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